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All media. Hooded Mergansers dive in clear, shallow forest ponds, rivers, and streams and locate prey by sight, with eyes that are specially adapted to seeing underwater. USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Laurel, MD, USA. The nest is made from materials found in the cavity. Apparently finds all its food by sight; eyes adapted for good underwater vision. More than 100 recorded nestings between 1996 and 2004 were distributed over 20 counties and yielded more than 800 hatchlings. They court in groups of one or more females and several males. Young: within 24 hours after hatching, young leave nest; female calls to them from below, young climb to cavity entrance and jump to ground. In The Birds of North America (P. G. Rodewald, editor). Also uses artificial nest boxes. Back to top, Hooded Mergansers are fairly common and their populations are stable and possibly increased between 1966 and 2015, according to the North American Breeding Bird Survey. Illustration © David Allen Sibley. Mergansers are our only ducks that specialize in eating fish. Photo: Dorian Anderson/Audubon Photography Awards. The males raise their crests, expanding the white patch, often while shaking their heads. In summer in forested country, along creeks, narrow rivers, edges of ponds. Eggshell thicker than in most ducks. Hooded Merganser are not on the 2016 State of North America's Birds Watch List. Their habitat ranges from spruce-fir forest in the Northwest to pine-hardwood forest and cottonwood-elder riparian forest in the Midwest, to oak-cypress-tupelo forest in the Southeast. Description. They prefer cavities with 3–5 inch openings. Bald Eagle. This New Program in Denver Is Paving the Way for Birders With Reduced Mobility, Sorry, Hollywood, but Ian Harding Would Rather Be Birding. Audubon protects birds and the places they need, today and tomorrow. 10-12, sometimes 7-13. Are the Trump Administration's Environmental Rollbacks Built to Last? Laurel: US Fish and Wildlife Service. Sign in to see your stats. Let us send you the latest in bird and conservation news. Nest cavities can be in live or dead trees and are usually close to water. Wood Duck & Hooded Merganser Nest Box. Version 1019 Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Bird Banding Laboratory 2019. Type in your search and hit Enter on desktop or hit Go on mobile device. Birding Without Barriers is part of a national movement to ensure that mobility impairment does not hinder people from enjoying nature. They take flight by running across the water, flying with fast wingbeats and never gliding until they are about to land (by skidding to a stop on the water). Families of newly hatched ducklings forage in shallow water such as marshes, small lakes, ponds, beaver wetlands, swamps, and forested rivers—and rest on exposed rocks, logs, or sandbars. Overwhelmed and Understaffed, Our National Wildlife Refuges Need Help. Their most elaborate display is head-throwing, in which they jerk their heads backwards to touch their backs, with crests raised, while giving a froglike croak. The Hooded is the smallest of our three native merganser species, and often seems to be the least numerous, as it tends to live around swamps and wooded ponds where it may be overlooked. We speculated that the female abandoned the nest, was killed, or that this was a dump nest and not incubated. In the early twentieth century, Hooded Mergansers were overhunted, but hunting pressure has declined markedly since then: hunters take about 95,000 Hooded Mergansers per year in the U.S., out of roughly 15 million ducks shot each year. Females often lay eggs in each others' nests, also in nests of Wood Ducks and others. Help power unparalleled conservation work for birds across the Americas, Stay informed on important news about birds and their habitats, Receive reduced or free admission across our network of centers and sanctuaries, Access a free guide of more than 800 species of North American birds, Discover the impacts of climate change on birds and their habitats, Learn more about the birds you love through audio clips, stunning photography, and in-depth text. Alfred A. Knopf, New York, NY, USA. Incubation is by the female alone and lasts for 26 to 41 days, averaging 33 days. Hooded Merganser Nest Box. Hooded mergansers prefer forested wetland systems, where they nest in tree cavities or nest boxes and lay an average of 9-11 eggs. Visit your local Audubon center, join a chapter, or help save birds with your state program. Nest site is in tree cavity near water, usually 10'-50' above ground, rarely up to 80' or more. Young fledge about 70 days after hatching. Submit yours. This was probably the first record for a hooded merganser nest at Goose Pond! Spread the word. Range Map Large map . Young find their own food; female tends young for several weeks. Raftovich, R. V., K. A. Wilkins, S. S. Williams and H. L. Spriggs. Find out more about nest boxes on our Attract Birds pages. Nest cavities can be in live or dead trees and are usually close to water. Unlike dabbling ducks, Hooded Mergansers swim low in the water. The Sibley Guide to Birds, second edition. tion’s program monitoring nest boxes show that the Hooded Merganser (Lophodytes cucullatus) has become a regular and widespread breeder in California. These elegant little ducks are found in many parts of the U.S. in Canada throughout the year. Once a female begins incubating eggs her mate abandons her, and it’s not known if they reunite the following season. A cavity nester along wooded waterways in the temperate parts of North America, it has probably benefitted by taking advantage of nest boxes put out for Wood Ducks. Females court by bobbing their heads and giving a hoarse gack. forages by diving and swimming underwater, propelled by feet. Media. Top photos View all. The same climate change-driven threats that put birds at risk will affect other wildlife and people, too. The species rates a 9 out of 20 on the Continental Concern Score. The nest was composed of about the same material as the other. Weekly Bar Chart. Get Instant ID help for 650+ North American birds. Cavities are typically 10–50 feet off the ground, up to about 90 feet. Their legs are far back on their bodies, which helps in diving but makes them awkward on land. Best known for his role on the show 'Pretty Little Liars,' Harding's new book 'Oddbirds' shares his love of birding and birds with a new audience. 44 Perfect Gifts for the Bird and Nature Lovers in Your Life, How the Evening Grosbeak Got Its Misleading Name. Hooded mergansers have used this box every year since 2016. Capable of swimming and diving right away, the ducklings begin feeding themselves immediately. (2012a). Dorian Anderson/Audubon Photography Awards. (2014). Hooded Mergansers nest readily in boxes, preferring those with wood shavings or nest material from previous uses. With your State program the nest by plucking down from the patch in her belly from a previous resident you. U.S. in Canada throughout the year your box does not hinder people from enjoying.! Bird hunting activity and harvest during the 2010 and 2011 hunting seasons Survive Australia 's New climate Reality 2010... When only one day old this Critically Endangered bird Survive Australia 's New climate?. 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