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These results suggested that Labrador Retrievers were more suited to guide dog work while German Shepherds were more suited to police work. The breed was so named due to its original purpose of assisting shepherds in herding and protecting sheep. [42], German Shepherds are still used for herding and tending sheep grazing in meadows next to gardens and crop fields. The ears are large and stand erect, open at the front and parallel, but they often are pulled back during movement. A German Shepherd has a long neck, which is raised when excited and lowered when moving at a fast pace as well as stalking. Max von Stephanitz, an ex-cavalry captain and former student of the Berlin Veterinary College, was one such ex-member. [23] This name was also adopted by many other international kennel clubs. As a herding dog, German Shepherds are working dogs developed originally for herding sheep. [10] The breed is marked by a willingness to learn and an eagerness to have a purpose. Coupled with their strength, this trait makes the breed desirable as police, guard, and search and rescue dogs, as they are able to quickly learn various tasks and interpret instructions better than other large breeds. The tail is bushy and reaches to the hock. [23] Fathering many pups, Horand's most successful was Hektor von Schwaben. The coat is accepted in two variants: medium and long. The ears are large and stand erect, open at the front and parallel, but they often are pulled back during movement. He is also the main character in the sequel and the TV series. [24][25] Some show strains have been bred with an extremely roached topline (back) that causes poor gait in the hind legs. [3] The German Shepherd is the second-most registered breed by the American Kennel Club[4] and seventh-most registered breed by The Kennel Club in the United Kingdom. [76], Glucosamine is an amino-monosaccharide that naturally occurs in all tissues, particularly in articular cartilage of joints and from the biosynthesis of glucose. Most color varieties have black masks and black body markings which can range from a classic "saddle" to an overall "blanket". He was pleased with the strength of the dog and was so taken by the animal’s intelligence, loyalty, and beauty, that he purchased him immediately. [61] The Orthopedic Foundation for Animals found that 19.1% of German Shepherd are affected by hip dysplasia. [57] The first German Shepherd Dog registered in the United States was Queen of Switzerland. [84], Kántor (Cantor) was a famous and very successful police dog in Hungary in the 1950s and early 1960s. [14], German Shepherds are moderately active dogs and are described in breed standards as self assured. As of 2016[update], the German Shepherd is the second most popular breed in the US. [23] Beowulf's progeny also were inbred and it is from these pups that all German Shepherds draw a genetic link. [54] The breed was officially renamed by the UK Kennel Club to "Alsatian Wolf Dog",[53] after the French region of Alsace bordering Germany. It descends from the American White Shepherds; the first stud dog of what became the breed was an American dog born in 1966 and imported to Switzerland. The variety was recognised by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale as a separate breed in 2003, and it is now recognised by a number of national kennel clubs. Her offspring suffered from defects as the result of poor breeding, which caused the breed to suffer a decline in popularity during the late 1920s.[57]. Currently, Labradors and Golden Retrievers are more widely used for this work, although there are still German Shepherds being trained. [51] German Shepherds were also used widely as guard dogs at Nazi concentration camps during the Holocaust.[52]. The breed was so named due to its original purpose of assisting shepherds in herding and protecting sheep. They can become overprotective of their family and territory, especially if not socialized correctly. Few local results found. Prospective German Shepherd buyers can now request the test from the breeder or buy from a breeder who is known to test their dogs.[67]. [46] Dogs were being bred to preserve traits that assisted in their job of herding sheep and protecting their flocks from predators. The test is only recommended for predisposed breeds, but can be performed on DNA from any dog on samples collected through swabbing the inside of the animal’s cheek with a sterile cotton swab. The outer coat, which sheds all year round, is close and dense with a thick undercoat. [23][49] Hektor was inbred with another of Horand's offspring and produced Heinz von Starkenburg, Beowulf and Pilot, who later fathered a total of eighty-four pups, mostly through being inbred with Hektor's other offspring. The once again greater height and bigger chest perimeter translate to a considerably higher weight too: up to ca 150 lbs (68kg). [29], The King Shepherd is a variety of the German Shepherd bred in the United States, its breeders hoping to rectify the physical deformities that have been bred into the original breed. The breed was named Deutscher Schäferhund by von Stephanitz, literally translating to “German Shepherd Dog”. [33], The White Shepherd is a variety of the German Shepherd bred in the United States. History of the German Shepherd The ancestors of German shepherd dogs acted as both servants and companions to humans for hundreds of years. [39] [43], One Mexican German Shepherd, Zuyaqui, was dissected and his body put on display at the Sedena's "Narco Museum" in Mexico. The show-strains have been bred with an extremely sloping topline (back) that causes poor gait in the hind legs. With the rise of large, industrialized cities in Germany, the predator population began to decline, rendering sheepdogs unnecessary. [69] Treatment is usually provided in the form of pancreatic supplements taken with food. [48], Horand became the center-point of the breeding programs and was bred with dogs belonging to other society members that displayed desirable traits and with dogs from Thuringia, Franconia and Wurttemberg. [23] In just a few decades of the Verein für Deutsche Schäferhunde's establishment, the breed became one of the world’s most popular and numerous, a position it has maintained to this day. To combat these differences, the Phylax Society was formed in 1891 with the intention of creating standardised dog breeds in Germany. Horand was declared to be the first German Shepherd Dog and was the first dog added to the society’s breed register. Treatment of the long-haired variation differs across standards; it is accepted but does not compete against standard-coated dogs under the German and UK Kennel Clubs while it can compete with standard-coated dogs, but is considered a fault, in the American Kennel Club. Rex, a German Shepherd, is the eponymous police dog character of the Austrian television drama Inspector Rex. [60] A study conducted by the University of Zurich found that 45% of the police working dogs were affected by degenerative spinal stenosis, although a small sample size was used. Popularity increased again after the German Shepherd Sieger Pfeffer von Bern became the 1937 and 1938 Grand Victor in American Kennel club dog shows, only to suffer another decline at the conclusion of World War II, due to anti-German sentiment. The movie portrays a close bond between the main character and his dog. German Shepherds are a very popular selection for use as working dogs. [36] Both have stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. An orthopedic vet remarked on footage of dogs in a show ring that they were "not normal. [40] The Guide Dogs for the Blind Association in the United Kingdom trains some German Shepherds,[41] while the comparable organization in the US only trains Labrador Retrievers, Golden Retrievers and crosses between these breeds. The variety is recognized as a separate breed by the United Kennel Club. He believed strongly that dogs should be bred for working. By 1926 this number had grown to over 8,000. 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