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The population of Réunion is 882,526 as of 2018. - zoreys : those from Mainland France (‘zorey’ is Creole for ‘oreille’ meaning ‘ear’, possibly named because any other languages than their own fall on deaf ears! Although diplomacy, military, and French government matters are handled by Paris, Réunion is a member of La Francophonie, the Indian Ocean Commission, the International Trade Union Confederation, the Universal Postal Union, the Port Management Association of Eastern and Southern Africa, and the World Federation of Trade Unions in its own right. Réunion from space (NASA image): The three cirques, forming a kind of three-leafed clover shape, are visible in the central north west of the image. The first private local radio station, Radio Freedom, was introduced in 1981. Located in the Mascarene Archipelago, Reunion Island – a French overseas department – offers travellers the exoticism of a tropical island in the Indian Ocean. As of 2018, four different races compose the Grand Raid: the Diagonale des Fous, The Trail de Bourbon, the Mascareignes, and the Zembrocal Trail.[37]. [5] The island is possibly featured on a map from 1153 AD by Al Sharif el-Edrisi. In 2005–2006, Réunion experienced an epidemic of chikungunya, a viral disease similar to dengue fever brought in from East Africa, which infected almost a third of the population because of its transmission through mosquitoes. Tourism is now an important source of income. - malbars : the descendants of workers drafted in from southern India; Réunion has a number of contributions to worldwide professional surfing. - zarabs : Muslim Indians, for they share the same religion as Arabs; Réunion Paysage montagneux de l’intérieur de l’île de la Réunion. © Copyright Worldometers.info - All rights reserved -, countries (and dependencies) by population, World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision, The population density in Réunion is 358 per Km. Much of the debris is small enough to be considered sand. [44], In 2014, 40% of the population lived below the poverty line (defined by INSEE as 60% of Metropolitan France's median income; in 2014 the poverty line for a family of two parents and two young children was €2,064 (US$2,743) per month).[46]. Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Réunion&oldid=986264119, French-speaking countries and territories, States and territories established in 1946, 1946 establishments in the French colonial empire, Articles with French-language sources (fr), CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with possible motto list, Articles containing potentially dated statements from January 2020, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2015, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, France geography articles needing translation from French Wikipedia, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Petroleum and coal products manufacturing, Non-food and non-petroleum/coal manufacturing, Professional, scientific and technical services, Other (entertainment, repair, personal and laundry services), Education, health care, elderly care, child day-care, This page was last edited on 30 October 2020, at 19:46. Réunion became a département d'outre-mer (overseas département) of France on 19 March 1946. The colony abolished slavery on 20 December 1848. [citation needed], During the Second World War, Réunion was under the authority of the Vichy regime until 30 November 1942, when Free French forces took over the island with the destroyer Léopard. [citation needed] The island might also have been visited by Swahili or Austronesian (Ancient Indonesian–Malaysian) sailors on their journey to the west from the Malay Archipelago to Madagascar. Most large towns have a Hindu temple and a mosque.[35]. How many people of each ethnicity live in Réunion is not known exactly, since the French census does not ask questions about ethnic origin,[28] which applies in Réunion because it is a part of the 1958 constitution, and also because of the extent of racial mixing on the island. [15] The hotspot that fuels Piton de la Fournaise also created the islands of Mauritius and Rodrigues. Yearly Change: For 2019: absolute change in total population (increase or decrease in number of people) over the last year (from July 1, 2018 to June 30 2019). The island has been inhabited since the 16th century, when people from France and Madagascar settled there. It is also subdivided into 49 cantons, meaningful only for electoral purposes at the departmental or regional level. Global Rank: Position held by Réunion in the list of all countries worldwide ranked by population (from the highest population to the lowest population) as of July 1 of the year indicated. [22] Its largest land animal is the panther chameleon, Furcifer pardalis. As in France, the official language is French. Migrants (net): The average annual number of immigrants minus the number of emigrants over the preceding five year period (running from July 1 to June 30 of the initial and final years), or subsequent five year period (for 2016 data). Le Vieux Port in Saint Philippe is a green-sand beach consisting of tiny olivine crystals, formed by the 2007 lava flow, making it one of the youngest beaches on Earth. At least 19 species formerly endemic to Réunion have become extinct following human colonisation. Réunion also has three calderas: the Cirque de Salazie, the Cirque de Cilaos and the Cirque de Mafate. [36], Because of the diverse population, other languages are also spoken, including Comorian language varieties (especially Shimaore), Malagasy by recent immigrants from Mayotte and Madagascar, Mandarin, Hakka and Cantonese by members of the Chinese community, but fewer people speak these languages as younger generations start to converse in French and Réunion Creole. It is above a hotspot in the Earth's crust. The last is accessible only on foot or by helicopter. The current population of Réunion is 897,538 as of Friday, November 6, 2020, based on Worldometer elaboration of the latest United Nations data. This article concerns the demography of Réunion. Cantonese, Arabic, Tamil is also taught as an optional language in some schools.[34]. Réunion Urban Population Currently, 99.7 % of the population of Réunion is urban (886,500 people in 2019) Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Famous break St Leu has been host to several world surfing championship competitions. The various types are familiarly known as:  Pierrefonds Airport, a smaller airport, has some flights to Mauritius and Madagascar. A social system of slavery was put in place, bringing in manual labour from Madagsacar and various regions of Africa. Reunion Island’s population today is naturally of mixed race, bearing witness to the island’s history. The Piton de la Fournaise, a shield volcano on the eastern end of Réunion Island, rises more than 2,631 m (8,632 ft) above sea level and is sometimes called a sister to Hawaiian volcanoes because of the similarity of climate and volcanic nature. It is calculated as the average number of children an average woman will have during her reproductive period (15 to 49 years old) based on the current fertility rates of every age group in the country, and assuming she is not subject to mortality. Réunion population is equivalent to 0.01% of the total world population. It has been home to notable pro surfers including Jeremy Flores, Johanne Defay and Justine Mauvin. INSEE assigned to Réunion the department code 974, and the region code 04 when regional councils were created in 1982 in France, including in existing overseas departments which also became overseas regions. - chinois : Reunionese of Chinese origin. [17], Réunion hosts many tropical and unique beaches. "Île de la Réunion" was the name given to the island in 1793 by a decree of the Convention Nationale (the elected revolutionary constituent assembly) with the fall of the House of Bourbon in France, and the name commemorates the union of revolutionaries from Marseille with the National Guard in Paris, which took place on 10 August 1792. That program was led by influential Gaullist politician Michel Debré, who was an MP for Réunion at the time. Reunion Growth Rate In 1801, the island was renamed "Île Bonaparte", after First Consul Napoleon Bonaparte. [13] It is a French overseas department, hence a French overseas region. When slavery was abolished in 1848, the colony turned to India for more muscle. Tamils are the largest group among the Indian community. World Population: Total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated. It has a local public radio station, formerly Radio Réunion, but now known as Réunion 1ère, like its television counterpart. Cultivated land and cities like the capital city of Saint-Denis are concentrated on the surrounding coastal lowlands. Each November, a film festival is also organised in La Plage des Brisant's. It also receives the Radio France networks France Inter, France Musique and France Culture. Laurent Robert and ex-Hibernian and Celtic player Didier Agathe have also featured in movies. La Plage des Brisants is a well-known surfing spot, with many athletic and leisurely activities taking place. Moringue is a popular combat/dance sport similar to capoeira. [34] The island's community of Muslims from north western India, particularly Gujarat, and elsewhere is commonly referred to as zarabes. [4], The first European discovery of the area was made around 1507 by Portuguese explorer Diogo Fernandes Pereira, but the specifics are unclear. According to the BBC News, 255,000 people on Réunion had contracted the disease as of 26 April 2006. Slavery was abolished on 20 December 1848 (a date celebrated yearly on the island), when the French Second Republic abolished slavery in the French colonies. ); - yab, or “poor white man of the hills”: the descendants of the poorer colonists who were driven up into the hills of the island during the second half of the 19th century. Administratively, Réunion is divided into 24 communes (municipalities) grouped into four arrondissements. For example, the Réunion giant tortoise became extinct after being slaughtered in vast numbers by sailors and settlers of the island. The uninhabited island might have been first sighted by the expedition led by Dom Pedro Mascarenhas, who gave his name to the island group around Réunion, the Mascarenes. Offshore, part of the west coast is characterised by a coral reef system. The island became an overseas department of France in 1946. [30] The percentages for mixed race people and those of Afro-Malagasy origins vary widely in estimates. Professional footballers include Dimitri Payet, Ludovic Ajorque, Florent Sinama Pongolle and Guillaume Hoarau. The predominant religion is Christianity, notably Roman Catholicism, with a single (Latin Rite) jurisdiction, the Roman Catholic Diocese of Saint-Denis-de-La Réunion. [40] The island's remote location combined with its stable political alignment with Europe makes it a key location for satellite receiving stations[41] and naval navigation. Agathe appeared in A Shot at Glory, whilst Robert was in Goal!. [10] The neighbouring islands of Mauritius and Madagascar also suffered epidemics of this disease during the same year. The low number of communes, compared with French metropolitan departments of similar size and population, is unique: most of its communes encompass several localities, sometimes separated by significant distances. For a breath of fresh air away from racism and prejudice, nothing beats a trip to Reunion Island.

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