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Chickens can destroy vegetables and flowers in gardens. Poultry :: Chicken :: System of Poultry Rearing: Home: Poultry Rearing . The housing systems used in the tropical region that is, naturally ventilated open housing system and mechanically ventilated open housing system are discussed here. This is done to stop hens from pecking or attacking each other. The litter absorbs the chicken droppings and in this way the floor is kept reasonably dry and clean. Each and every one is intended to reduce your workload and ensure that your animals remain in optimum condition. Are you building a portable chicken coop? For egg production, nest boxes are placed against the walls. There is no cleaning of the poultry house, no feeding or providing drinking water. Keeping the birds contained within a cage system will impress a different set of circumstances again upon the poultry housing. The system can be used for broiler production and egg production. this site functions with internal linking marked in colours. It is expensive to build the poultry house, compared to the fold unit or free range system where no houses are built. The units have to be constructed using timber and fencing materials and must be maintained. I have major on Agricultural science, biology, health sciences and home economics, ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION, FORESTRY IMPORTANCE OF FORESTRY 206. Egg Production:Can You Make Money Selling Chicken Eggs? Did you love this article? Sometimes the hens have some form of nest in which to lay their but usually they make their own nests under a bush or in a box. These are arranged so that droppings from higher cages do not fall into the cages below. The chickens get some protein supply from insects that they find in the open. It does not involve a lot of work. From production and profits to various rules and regulations, software can help you collect, calculate, and report the essential information for poultry farms. The chickens are not protected from thieves and predators such as dogs, wild cats and jackals. Identify different types of farm buildings and structures. Chickens are protected from predators and pests. The chicken house must be well ventilated to remove the ammonia gas smell which comes from the droppings. The system involves more work than the free range system because the units or folds in which the chickens are kept have to be moved from place to place daily. After a day or so when the hens have eaten most of the food the fold is moved to another place. This system requiresminimal costs, but mortalities due to disease and predation are very high, and poultryproduction is low and irregular. They are not kept in camps or enclosures. The same type of building is used as in the deep litter system. There is a greater chance of problems, such as cannibalism, egg eating or feather pecking than in the free range system. Chickens are protected from harsh weather conditions all year round. Hens produce many more eggs in this system than in any other. From extremely advanced computers and management programs to simple controllers and applications. The modern methods all work for large number of chickens on a farm. They sometimes have their own drinking places but usually have to find their own drinking water. 4 Types of Poultry Production Systems. Droppings are removed each day using a hard broom. It is easier to collect eggs than in the free range system. ... Feed monitoring systems are available to measure the amount of feed consumed by bird ... management… Supervision and control of the birds as well as collecting the eggs are much easier than under the free range system. Some systems use litter in the bottom of each cage. The birds have to find their own food, but sometimes they are given a little maize or sorghum grains. The different type of record such as feed detail, bird files, medicine details, expenditure detail, labor detail etc are all related to each other. maintaining egg quality, etc. Poultry management involving rearing materials, lighting systems, feeders, and water management. (0.6-0.75 sq.feet) per bird. In the most intensive systems, the lighting and temperature are controlled because egg laying is controlled by the brightness of light, as well as how long the light stays on. The fold is put in a place where there is green grass or other pasture or plants to eat. In addition to standing and resting on the bedding, birds will naturally peck at the litter. this is open class study site. One-half square feet space is required per bird. its all about life. Well ventilation system, coolers and heaters are must. Underdeveloped regions of the outlying coastal Belize, Guatemala and the Mosquitia(Honduras) rely on smallholder 'family' poultry production as their primary source ofdomestic animal protein, with the domestic fowl being the most widely kept poultryspecies. When compared to the battery cage system, the equipment used is less costly. Caged poultry housing: A caged system is different still from the aforementioned systems. This reduces the chance of disease outbreak. The eggs which are collected cannot be used for producing chicks because the hens are not fertilised by male. advantages of battery system of poultry management 1. presents higher lodging 2. If sawdust or wood chips are used, it will not be suitable for manure. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. During the last 3 or 4 decades there have been great changes in the poultry production systems of keeping and raising chickens. Hotraco Agri offers automation systems for every poultry farmer and every type of poultry house, which regulate, control and monitor your house processes. They also drink from the same water as wild birds and may pick up diseases from there. These are operations carried out before sowing. CULTURAL Practices in agriculture Cultural practices are all the activities carried out on the farm before, during and after planting of c... post Planting operations These are activities carried out by the farmer after land preparation. Disease control is very difficult because healthy chickens mix freely with sick ones. Do You Need a Rooster For Hens to Lay Eggs? Agricultural nomenclature Agricultural nomenclature The system of naming crops and weeds is based on that introduced by the Swedish Natu... FARM BUILDINGS AND STRUCTURES 1. You’ll also love this backyard chicken coop designs. Cage systems keep your flock condensed within their house, rather than distributed across the floorspace. 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