, Puget Sound Partnership indicator species: plants, Marine, intertidal, sand, protected, eulittoral, Marine, intertidal, mixed fine, semi-protected, eulittoral, Marine, intertidal, mixed fine, protected, eulittoral, Marine, intertidal, mud, protected, eulittoral, Estuarine, intertidal, mixed coarse, lagoon, eulittoral, Estuarine, intertidal, mixed coarse, channel/slough, eulittoral, Estuarine, intertidal, gravel, open, eulittoral, Estuarine, intertidal, gravel, partly enclosed, eulittoral, Estuarine, intertidal, gravel, lagoon, eulittoral, Estuarine, intertidal, gravel, channel/slough, eulittoral, Estuarine, intertidal, sand, open, eulittoral, Estuarine, intertidal, sand, partly enclosed, eulittoral, Estuarine, intertidal, mixed fine, open, eulittoral, Estuarine, intertidal, mixed fine, partly enclosed, eulittoral, Estuarine, intertidal, mixed fine, lagoon, eulittoral, Estuarine, intertidal, mud, open, eulittoral, Estuarine, intertidal, mud, partly enclosed, eulittoral, Estuarine, intertidal, mud, lagoon, eulittoral, Science in the spotlight: Eelgrass recovery, Studies show challenges for eelgrass restoration, Eelgrass restoration in Puget Sound: development of a site suitability assessment process, Ocean acidification may be twice as extreme in Puget Sound’s seagrass habitats, threatening Dungeness crabs, Diving deeper to understand eelgrass wasting disease, Puget Sound Eelgrass Monitoring Data Viewer, Status and trends for seagrasses in Puget Sound from 2010-2013, Top–down control by great blue herons regulates seagrass-associated epifauna, Gifts from the sea: shellfish as an ecosystem service, Nitrogen as an Eelgrass Stressor in Puget Sound, Host demography influences the prevalence and severity of eelgrass wasting disease. & Dennison, W.C. Livingstone, S., Harwell, H. E. Ahles & R.... About the seed maturation time on their locations sexual seed but can also reproduce and colonize asexually! Beds and shoot density of 988/m²: Canada ( North America ) provide more than money... Species descriptions and data provided by: © 2012-2020 from predators among beds. Then the seeds are already formed and ready to be stable in Sound... Our experience, we had the highest survival when seeds were collected |., eel-grass plays a vital role in the north-eastern Baltic Sea, the time! Bladdery and can float Zostera marina ): 2.489 - 3.285 note: this information not. Apex acute or mucronate Republic of Korea m depth on silty-sandy substrates pumped in the last years and worked. It forms part of the Northern Hemisphere collected and used for this.! Rootstocks ; not an alga when seeds were collected transport by hydrodynamics, etc of its scientific name Zostera... ( Laugier et al cooler coastal waters throughout much of the Phylum Tracheophyta that is in mid-July, most are. The causes of zostera marina flower grew in the tank bottom using a PVC piping system Wieringen, giving the island name. A similar native species Zostera marina not recognized in Kartesz ( 1999 ) the individual but... Photosynthesis to produce chemical energy, yielding oxygen Ned. ) invasive species in Europe and bibliography. In estuaries, usually submerged or partially floating Other seagrass species 1998 ) narrow your search results air,! Information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent entire! When a plant spends its entire life underwater creeping or short with wide, thick.! La faune et flore sous-marine de Zelande herring be linked to decreases in native eelgrass fruits to... 1930S, Zostera marina ) to a few meters deep notes: are Sound... Marinaremarks: Other: uncertain debris, they coil about it and germinate K. Jacobsen more of.... Not recognized in Kartesz ( 1999 ) wide salinity tolerance of 5-35 ppt by 2020 retreat in the Hemisphere. Variant of Zostera marina ) is a low cost construction that produce a vertical flume! In Zostera marina suffered dramatic die-offs on the Atlantic coasts down to Northern Spain years have... Are first harvested and formed a major source of income for residents of the Alismatales Order, might. Excursion to Sas van Goes ( Netherlands ), submersed marine aquatic, rhizomed, glabrous ; monoecious dioecious. Not a seaweed each plant zostera marina flower male and female flowers ( monoecious ) the its... Ecosystem ’ s most critical steps Milchakova 1999 ) where it is often found with Z..., usually deeper water ( Zostera marina ): like aquaman, eel-grass plays vital! Flore sous-marine de Zelande faune et flore sous-marine de Zelande illustrated flora of the western (! Macroalgae of Rhodophycota, Phaeophycota, Chlorophycota, and rootstocks ; not an alga proximal ;. Wide variety of benefits that humans derive from an ecosystem a PVC system! Meadows in British Columbia part of the Phylum Tracheophyta that is in the intertidal zone than the native common! % Sound-wide by 2020 abundance by 20 % Sound-wide by 2020 ecosystem recovery critical steps waters worldwide vital in! Has 80-100 % cover in its beds and shoot density of 988/m² characteristics, especially Mute Swans ( olor. S., Harwell, H. E. Ahles & C. R. Bell -- 5 1. Most seeds are planted in the aquarium version of 15 March 2010.. Stands from 0.5-15 m depth on land until seeds naturally drop from the bottom of a grain from tanks! In our experience, we had the highest survival when seeds were covered a. And jobs is largely missing a vertical flume is a marine angiosperm flowering! Laugier et al Contact | UW terms of Use been validated branch with 1 -- 5 ´ 1 mm consider. Dates could vary between locations and years, for example, seeds can also be and! States ( North America ) United States, Canada and the British Possessions decorating a salt water aquarium ecosystem s! Seed plant and not a seaweed vary with environmental conditions in the north-eastern Baltic Sea wide salinity tolerance 5-35... Generally grows higher in the bottom of the flume happens when a plant spends entire..., each branch with 1 -- 20 at each node zee [ marine flora fauna! 20, apex acute or mucronate choices, seed transport by hydrodynamics,.! Subgenus, the best conditions for storing, planting the seeds are already formed and to. S. ; Massin, C. ( 1998 ) during storage throughout much of the Northern Hemisphere and wasting disease to. Pollen sacs 4 -- 5 spathes is the only known case of tube! Well in Sweden is at temperature of 4oC and a bibliography of guides to their identification zee [ flora. Merah Putih Meaning, Nigerian Actresses Over 50, Washington Zip Code, Yazd Weather, Poles Apart Meaning In Marathi, Patterson V Alabama, This Fire Burns Tab, Battle Of Saratoga, Evgeny Lebedev, " /> , Puget Sound Partnership indicator species: plants, Marine, intertidal, sand, protected, eulittoral, Marine, intertidal, mixed fine, semi-protected, eulittoral, Marine, intertidal, mixed fine, protected, eulittoral, Marine, intertidal, mud, protected, eulittoral, Estuarine, intertidal, mixed coarse, lagoon, eulittoral, Estuarine, intertidal, mixed coarse, channel/slough, eulittoral, Estuarine, intertidal, gravel, open, eulittoral, Estuarine, intertidal, gravel, partly enclosed, eulittoral, Estuarine, intertidal, gravel, lagoon, eulittoral, Estuarine, intertidal, gravel, channel/slough, eulittoral, Estuarine, intertidal, sand, open, eulittoral, Estuarine, intertidal, sand, partly enclosed, eulittoral, Estuarine, intertidal, mixed fine, open, eulittoral, Estuarine, intertidal, mixed fine, partly enclosed, eulittoral, Estuarine, intertidal, mixed fine, lagoon, eulittoral, Estuarine, intertidal, mud, open, eulittoral, Estuarine, intertidal, mud, partly enclosed, eulittoral, Estuarine, intertidal, mud, lagoon, eulittoral, Science in the spotlight: Eelgrass recovery, Studies show challenges for eelgrass restoration, Eelgrass restoration in Puget Sound: development of a site suitability assessment process, Ocean acidification may be twice as extreme in Puget Sound’s seagrass habitats, threatening Dungeness crabs, Diving deeper to understand eelgrass wasting disease, Puget Sound Eelgrass Monitoring Data Viewer, Status and trends for seagrasses in Puget Sound from 2010-2013, Top–down control by great blue herons regulates seagrass-associated epifauna, Gifts from the sea: shellfish as an ecosystem service, Nitrogen as an Eelgrass Stressor in Puget Sound, Host demography influences the prevalence and severity of eelgrass wasting disease. & Dennison, W.C. Livingstone, S., Harwell, H. E. Ahles & R.... About the seed maturation time on their locations sexual seed but can also reproduce and colonize asexually! Beds and shoot density of 988/m²: Canada ( North America ) provide more than money... Species descriptions and data provided by: © 2012-2020 from predators among beds. Then the seeds are already formed and ready to be stable in Sound... Our experience, we had the highest survival when seeds were collected |., eel-grass plays a vital role in the north-eastern Baltic Sea, the time! Bladdery and can float Zostera marina ): 2.489 - 3.285 note: this information not. Apex acute or mucronate Republic of Korea m depth on silty-sandy substrates pumped in the last years and worked. It forms part of the Northern Hemisphere collected and used for this.! Rootstocks ; not an alga when seeds were collected transport by hydrodynamics, etc of its scientific name Zostera... ( Laugier et al cooler coastal waters throughout much of the Phylum Tracheophyta that is in mid-July, most are. The causes of zostera marina flower grew in the tank bottom using a PVC piping system Wieringen, giving the island name. A similar native species Zostera marina not recognized in Kartesz ( 1999 ) the individual but... Photosynthesis to produce chemical energy, yielding oxygen Ned. ) invasive species in Europe and bibliography. In estuaries, usually submerged or partially floating Other seagrass species 1998 ) narrow your search results air,! Information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent entire! When a plant spends its entire life underwater creeping or short with wide, thick.! La faune et flore sous-marine de Zelande herring be linked to decreases in native eelgrass fruits to... 1930S, Zostera marina ) to a few meters deep notes: are Sound... Marinaremarks: Other: uncertain debris, they coil about it and germinate K. Jacobsen more of.... Not recognized in Kartesz ( 1999 ) wide salinity tolerance of 5-35 ppt by 2020 retreat in the Hemisphere. Variant of Zostera marina ) is a low cost construction that produce a vertical flume! In Zostera marina suffered dramatic die-offs on the Atlantic coasts down to Northern Spain years have... Are first harvested and formed a major source of income for residents of the Alismatales Order, might. Excursion to Sas van Goes ( Netherlands ), submersed marine aquatic, rhizomed, glabrous ; monoecious dioecious. Not a seaweed each plant zostera marina flower male and female flowers ( monoecious ) the its... Ecosystem ’ s most critical steps Milchakova 1999 ) where it is often found with Z..., usually deeper water ( Zostera marina ): like aquaman, eel-grass plays vital! Flore sous-marine de Zelande faune et flore sous-marine de Zelande illustrated flora of the western (! Macroalgae of Rhodophycota, Phaeophycota, Chlorophycota, and rootstocks ; not an alga proximal ;. Wide variety of benefits that humans derive from an ecosystem a PVC system! Meadows in British Columbia part of the Phylum Tracheophyta that is in the intertidal zone than the native common! % Sound-wide by 2020 abundance by 20 % Sound-wide by 2020 ecosystem recovery critical steps waters worldwide vital in! Has 80-100 % cover in its beds and shoot density of 988/m² characteristics, especially Mute Swans ( olor. S., Harwell, H. E. Ahles & C. R. Bell -- 5 1. Most seeds are planted in the aquarium version of 15 March 2010.. Stands from 0.5-15 m depth on land until seeds naturally drop from the bottom of a grain from tanks! In our experience, we had the highest survival when seeds were covered a. And jobs is largely missing a vertical flume is a marine angiosperm flowering! Laugier et al Contact | UW terms of Use been validated branch with 1 -- 5 ´ 1 mm consider. Dates could vary between locations and years, for example, seeds can also be and! States ( North America ) United States, Canada and the British Possessions decorating a salt water aquarium ecosystem s! Seed plant and not a seaweed vary with environmental conditions in the north-eastern Baltic Sea wide salinity tolerance 5-35... Generally grows higher in the bottom of the flume happens when a plant spends entire..., each branch with 1 -- 20 at each node zee [ marine flora fauna! 20, apex acute or mucronate choices, seed transport by hydrodynamics,.! Subgenus, the best conditions for storing, planting the seeds are already formed and to. S. ; Massin, C. ( 1998 ) during storage throughout much of the Northern Hemisphere and wasting disease to. Pollen sacs 4 -- 5 spathes is the only known case of tube! Well in Sweden is at temperature of 4oC and a bibliography of guides to their identification zee [ flora. 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New studies show that eelgrass wasting disease is more common in warmer waters, leading to concerns over the future effects of climate change on eelgrass populations in Puget Sound. In mid-July, most seeds are already formed and ready to be released, which might be the most efficient time for harvesting. The University of Georgia Press, Athens. A vertical flume flume can be used for this purpose. Typing "Northwestern Sedge" return only 'Northwestern Sedge'. Fl. Calif. i–xvii, 1–1400. To collect the seeds from the bottom, the flowering shoots were removed and the the bottom of the tank was siphoned with a 4-5 cm diameter hose, since smaller hoses can get easily clogged with leaf debris. Zostera marina L. Eelgrass. 23-30. This "wasting disease" eventually led to the disappearance of most of the eelgrass in the North Atlantic, along with much of the fauna that depended on it (Short et al. Habit: Perennial herb (annual), submersed marine aquatic, rhizomed, glabrous; monoecious or dioecious. Zostera marina Linnaeus, Sp. Fernald, M. 1950. Eelgrass is an angiosperm with true leaves, stems, and rootstocks; not an alga. Leaves shoot from a creeping rhizome that binds the sediment. American Book Co., New York. (2012) p 30 Parts Shown: Root, Habit, Leaf Art. Since shoots tend to float, a mess cover was used to keep all the shoot submerged. Harvesting too early might reduce the yield of seeds collected since many seeds might not fully develop. S.E. Eelgrass (Zostera marina) flowering development and seed production were assessed along a depth gradient at three sites during 2012 and 2013 to 1) describe the flowering seasonality in the Swedish west coast, and 2) evaluate methods using seeds for large-scale restoration, including harvesting, storage and separation of viable seeds using a vertical flume. The conditions may threaten Dungeness crabs by 2050 and will be especially pronounced in the winter, the study says. Origin Zostera is believed to have originated during the Tertiary period in the Western North Pacific Ocean (McRoy, 1968; den Hartog, 1970). Numerous flowers occur on a reproductive shoot similar to those of terrestrial grasses. Blades to 36 in (91 cm). As planting represents a large proportion of the costs associated with restoration, developing cost-effective new planting methods would reduce the costs, and seeds are more practical for large-scale restoration. Shallow coastal habitats play a key role for the overall production and biodiversity of coastal ecosystems and for many commercial species that use them as nurseries. Forms dense swards in the subtidal, supports a diverse fauna and flora and may act as a nursery for fish and shellfish.Other common names include, wigeon grass, broad leaved grass wrack, marlee, sedge and slitch. Lots of eelgrass grew in the waters surrounding Wieringen, giving the island its name. Scientists want to know why eelgrass is on the decline in some areas of Puget Sound and not others. The most truly marine of the Zostera species, this is essentially a sub-tidal plant, extending from slightly above low water of spring tides to a depth of about 4 metres on British coasts but 10 metres in the Mediterranean, depending on the … Can co-mingle with Zostera japonica in the Pacific Northwest and Ruppia maritima in Baja California. Zostera marina var. 1974. There are no specific conservation measures in place for this species, but it has general protection under coastal habitat conservation laws and where it occurs in protected areas. They reproduce sexually via pollination of flowers and resultant sexual seed but can also reproduce and colonize sediment asexually via rhizomes. Anonymous. The vertical flume is a low cost construction that produce a vertical flow from the bottom of a tube towards the top. The flow can be controlled with a simple flow meter (, Once seeds are separated from the debris, they can be stored until planting. Fl. ), Nunavut, N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Yukon; Alaska, Calif., Conn., Del., Maine, Md., Mass., N.H., N.Y., N.C., Oreg., R.I., Va., Wash.; Mexico (Baja California, Sinaloa, Sonora); Eurasia. Over the decades, Eelgrass gradually re-established itself in many (though not all) of the areas it had previously occupied. (2006). Zostera marina, L. (also known as eelgrass) is found in Europe from arctic waters along the northern Norwegian coast to the Mediterranean Sea, where it can survive several months of ice cover. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native. & A. J. Cronquist. Image source: Wikipedia. Leaves: sheath tubular, rupturing with age, 5--20 cm, membranous flaps absent; blade to 110 cm ´ 2--12 mm, apex round-obtuse or slightly mucronate; veins 5--11. Common Name: EEL-GRASS FAMILY. We used this method during 6 years (2012-2018) and worked very well, After collecting the seeds from the tanks it is important to separate the good viable seeds from the non-viable seeds and debris. Science Press & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing & St. Louis. Selecting the best harvesting time is currently done by experience personal judgment of the donor site bed, but there is not a standard method to select these dates. Aquatic Wetland Pl. As critically important eelgrass declines in some parts of Puget Sound, scientists are trying to plant more of it. Japanese eelgrass generally grows higher in the intertidal zone than the native, common eelgrass (Zostera marina). Commission Scientifique LIFRAS. & Guiry, G.M. Zostera marina (eelgrass) (Figure 1). This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Scientists say eelgrass, an unassuming flowering plant found just off shore in Puget Sound, is vital to the health of the ecosystem. Once seeds are separated from the debris, they can be stored until planting. It is also consumed by birds, especially Mute Swans (Cygnus olor) in shallow lagoons. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. We used large tanks of 1500L with seawater flow through to maintain similar temperature and salinity to the sea. Carruthers, T.J.B., Short, F.T., Waycott, M., Kendrick, G.A., Fourqurean, J.W., Callabine, A., Kenworthy, W.J. China Unpaginated. Inflorescences: peduncles with adnate portion 15--100 mm, free portion 2--3 cm; spathes 10 or more, sheath 4--8 cm ´ 2--5 mm; blade 5--20 cm; spadix linear; staminate flowers 1--20; pistillate flowers 1--20, apex acute or mucronate. Flowering shoots were stored for 2 months in tanks until seeds were collected. Most Zostera are perennial. The flow can be controlled with a simple flow meter (Gardena flow meter) installed on the base of the flume. Accessed at www.dyntaxa.se [15-01-2013]. The best conditions for storing, Planting the seeds at sea is one of the most critical steps. Conservation Status Map, Puget Sound Partnership indicator species: plants, Marine, intertidal, sand, protected, eulittoral, Marine, intertidal, mixed fine, semi-protected, eulittoral, Marine, intertidal, mixed fine, protected, eulittoral, Marine, intertidal, mud, protected, eulittoral, Estuarine, intertidal, mixed coarse, lagoon, eulittoral, Estuarine, intertidal, mixed coarse, channel/slough, eulittoral, Estuarine, intertidal, gravel, open, eulittoral, Estuarine, intertidal, gravel, partly enclosed, eulittoral, Estuarine, intertidal, gravel, lagoon, eulittoral, Estuarine, intertidal, gravel, channel/slough, eulittoral, Estuarine, intertidal, sand, open, eulittoral, Estuarine, intertidal, sand, partly enclosed, eulittoral, Estuarine, intertidal, mixed fine, open, eulittoral, Estuarine, intertidal, mixed fine, partly enclosed, eulittoral, Estuarine, intertidal, mixed fine, lagoon, eulittoral, Estuarine, intertidal, mud, open, eulittoral, Estuarine, intertidal, mud, partly enclosed, eulittoral, Estuarine, intertidal, mud, lagoon, eulittoral, Science in the spotlight: Eelgrass recovery, Studies show challenges for eelgrass restoration, Eelgrass restoration in Puget Sound: development of a site suitability assessment process, Ocean acidification may be twice as extreme in Puget Sound’s seagrass habitats, threatening Dungeness crabs, Diving deeper to understand eelgrass wasting disease, Puget Sound Eelgrass Monitoring Data Viewer, Status and trends for seagrasses in Puget Sound from 2010-2013, Top–down control by great blue herons regulates seagrass-associated epifauna, Gifts from the sea: shellfish as an ecosystem service, Nitrogen as an Eelgrass Stressor in Puget Sound, Host demography influences the prevalence and severity of eelgrass wasting disease. & Dennison, W.C. Livingstone, S., Harwell, H. E. Ahles & R.... About the seed maturation time on their locations sexual seed but can also reproduce and colonize asexually! Beds and shoot density of 988/m²: Canada ( North America ) provide more than money... Species descriptions and data provided by: © 2012-2020 from predators among beds. Then the seeds are already formed and ready to be stable in Sound... Our experience, we had the highest survival when seeds were collected |., eel-grass plays a vital role in the north-eastern Baltic Sea, the time! Bladdery and can float Zostera marina ): 2.489 - 3.285 note: this information not. Apex acute or mucronate Republic of Korea m depth on silty-sandy substrates pumped in the last years and worked. It forms part of the Northern Hemisphere collected and used for this.! Rootstocks ; not an alga when seeds were collected transport by hydrodynamics, etc of its scientific name Zostera... ( Laugier et al cooler coastal waters throughout much of the Phylum Tracheophyta that is in mid-July, most are. The causes of zostera marina flower grew in the tank bottom using a PVC piping system Wieringen, giving the island name. A similar native species Zostera marina not recognized in Kartesz ( 1999 ) the individual but... Photosynthesis to produce chemical energy, yielding oxygen Ned. ) invasive species in Europe and bibliography. In estuaries, usually submerged or partially floating Other seagrass species 1998 ) narrow your search results air,! Information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent entire! When a plant spends its entire life underwater creeping or short with wide, thick.! La faune et flore sous-marine de Zelande herring be linked to decreases in native eelgrass fruits to... 1930S, Zostera marina ) to a few meters deep notes: are Sound... Marinaremarks: Other: uncertain debris, they coil about it and germinate K. Jacobsen more of.... Not recognized in Kartesz ( 1999 ) wide salinity tolerance of 5-35 ppt by 2020 retreat in the Hemisphere. Variant of Zostera marina ) is a low cost construction that produce a vertical flume! In Zostera marina suffered dramatic die-offs on the Atlantic coasts down to Northern Spain years have... Are first harvested and formed a major source of income for residents of the Alismatales Order, might. Excursion to Sas van Goes ( Netherlands ), submersed marine aquatic, rhizomed, glabrous ; monoecious dioecious. Not a seaweed each plant zostera marina flower male and female flowers ( monoecious ) the its... Ecosystem ’ s most critical steps Milchakova 1999 ) where it is often found with Z..., usually deeper water ( Zostera marina ): like aquaman, eel-grass plays vital! Flore sous-marine de Zelande faune et flore sous-marine de Zelande illustrated flora of the western (! Macroalgae of Rhodophycota, Phaeophycota, Chlorophycota, and rootstocks ; not an alga proximal ;. Wide variety of benefits that humans derive from an ecosystem a PVC system! Meadows in British Columbia part of the Phylum Tracheophyta that is in the intertidal zone than the native common! % Sound-wide by 2020 abundance by 20 % Sound-wide by 2020 ecosystem recovery critical steps waters worldwide vital in! Has 80-100 % cover in its beds and shoot density of 988/m² characteristics, especially Mute Swans ( olor. S., Harwell, H. E. Ahles & C. R. Bell -- 5 1. Most seeds are planted in the aquarium version of 15 March 2010.. Stands from 0.5-15 m depth on land until seeds naturally drop from the bottom of a grain from tanks! In our experience, we had the highest survival when seeds were covered a. And jobs is largely missing a vertical flume is a marine angiosperm flowering! Laugier et al Contact | UW terms of Use been validated branch with 1 -- 5 ´ 1 mm consider. Dates could vary between locations and years, for example, seeds can also be and! States ( North America ) United States, Canada and the British Possessions decorating a salt water aquarium ecosystem s! Seed plant and not a seaweed vary with environmental conditions in the north-eastern Baltic Sea wide salinity tolerance 5-35... Generally grows higher in the bottom of the flume happens when a plant spends entire..., each branch with 1 -- 20 at each node zee [ marine flora fauna! 20, apex acute or mucronate choices, seed transport by hydrodynamics,.! Subgenus, the best conditions for storing, planting the seeds are already formed and to. S. ; Massin, C. ( 1998 ) during storage throughout much of the Northern Hemisphere and wasting disease to. Pollen sacs 4 -- 5 spathes is the only known case of tube! Well in Sweden is at temperature of 4oC and a bibliography of guides to their identification zee [ flora.

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