Lapis lazuli was a modern birthstone of December in the United States of America until February of 2013, when the American Gem Trade Association replaced the gemstone with zircon as December stone. Opals are in a class by themselves. This December birthstone is also the planetary stone of Capricorn, which falls partly on the month of December. Hardness: 6.5-7.5 Some traditional gems are also less expensive (like turquoise) or more readily available (like cultivated pearls) than their modern counterparts. What color is December birthstone? Sources: Bolivia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Madagascar, Mexico, Myanmar, Namibia, Peru, Russia, South Africa, the United States, and Zambia. Gregorian Birthstone Poem. A fine emerald is a truly breathtaking sight, and this member of the beryl family deserves its placement among the traditional “Big Four” gems, along with diamond, ruby, and sapphire. Hardness: 7.5-8 Its colors — always red — can reach vivid levels of saturation. Home » Learning Center » Gemology » Reference Charts & Materials » Birthstone Chart. While zircon occurs in a rainbow of colors, the variety of the transparent gemstone most popularly accepted as the December stone is the blue zircon. This gemstone for December is believed to heighten awareness, expand perspective, and free a person of negativity. This December birthstone is a variety of chalcedony ranging in color from apple green to deep green. It’s not a single species but rather consists of several species and varieties. Major Sources: Brazil, Madagascar, the United States, Australia, India, Namibia, and Nigeria. Crystallography: Hexagonal Crystallography: Hexagonal. Before the 20th century, all yellow gemstones were called topazes. Turquoise and lapis lazuli are the traditional birthstones. The December Birthstone is Turquoise The traditional birthstone for December is brilliant blue Turquoise and the December birthstone color is blue. … Sources: Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Myanmar, Thailand, Australia, and Canada. Peridot is the most popular of these gems. It’s not a single species but rather consists of several species and varieties. Alexandrite is the modern birthstone for June. You’ll usually find peridot listed as the modern August birthstone. From the fiery … The garnet family is one of the most complex in the gem world. December Birthstones December birthstones provide a vast choice of gems: Turquoise, Zircon, and Tanzanite as December birthstones, Beryl as month birth rock, Sapphire as special apostle birthstone for December, Emerald and Chalcedony as Sagittarius and Capricorn astral birth gems. Here we explore the nine types of December birthstone. Since then, gemology has recognized topaz as a distinct gem species that can actually occur in many colors. Zircon was traditionally the birthstone for December, and remains the December birthstone in modern U.S. gemology, after the gemstone replaced lapis lazuli in 1952. The aragonite in the nacre of a pearl is orthorhombic, with minute crystals radially oriented and a concentric structure. Hardness: 9 Among the 3 December birthstones, Tanzanite is the most expensive, due to its rarity. Recent work shows that opal is composed of an aggregate of tiny spherical particles, that is, a solidified gel; often forms concretions; botryoidal; reniform; stalactitic. Browse through his jewelry at Deomar Pandan Collections. The December stone is a transparent gemstone ranging in color from blue to purple. Hardness: 9 Hardness: 5.5-6.5 The orient is the color seen as reflected by a diffuse light source. In the United States today, people draw freely from both lists and pick the stones that appeal to them. Pearl is the traditional birthstone. Ruby is both the modern and traditional birthstone for July. Beware of cheap “no name” refractometers (and their distributors). Color: Pearl color is the result of a body color and an overtone color or orient present as a lustrous sheen. Sardonyx is the traditional August birthstone. Turquoise, the oldest birthstone of December, is blue. Eastern Traditions 2020 Always green in color but with considerable variations, a peridot’s particular shade depends on its source. The December gemstone is believed to enhance emotional balance and prevent depression. The September birthstone comes in many colors. Aquamarine is the modern birthstone for March, while bloodstone is the traditional option. The January Birthstone is Garnet. Some of these color combinations are incredible. Color: Colorless, white, yellow, orange, and red (various shades), yellowish brown, greenish, blue, gray, black, violet. Color: Blue to blue-green. 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