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The female (hen) is much less showy, with a duller mottled brown plumage all over and measuring 50–63 cm (20–25 in) long including a tail of around 20 cm (7.9 in). Hens have mottled tan and brown feathers with a paler-colored head. Pheasant shooting has left a lasting mark on the English landscape, with many woods planted in the last 200 years especially as covers for these birds. Males sport iridescent copper-and-gold plumage, a red face, and a crisp white collar; their rooster-like crowing can be heard from up to a mile away. First introduced to California from Asia as a game bird in 1857. The ring-necked pheasant is about the size of a chicken, weighing about two to four pounds on average. Swift direct flight with strong wing beats. The roosters are almost always larger than the hens and look very different too. Ring-necked Pheasant: This large chicken-like pheasant has a metallic-brown body, iridescent green head, white neck ring, red eye patch and wattles, and a long pointed tail. Pheasants of the genus Phasianus (the true pheasants) are native only in portions of the Middle East, Central Asia, China, and Japan. The Ring-necked Pheasant belongs to the order Galliformes, as do quail, grouse, turkey, and domestic chickens. - Other ring necked pheasant facts that are worth mentioning regarding the fact that these types of birds are very well adapted for living on the ground and they will fly only when there are no other means of surviving. The adult male common pheasant is 60–90 cm (24–35 in) in length with a long brown streaked black tail, accounting for almost 50 cm (20 in) of the total length. The brown females blend in with their field habitat. Female is pale brown overall with dark markings, has shorter tail and lacks wattle. Common pheasants occupy grassland and farmland habitats. Ring-necked pheasant is both the name used for the species as a whole in North America and also the collective name for a number of subspecies and their intergrades that have white neck rings. Background: The ring-necked pheasant was introduced in the United States nearly two centuries ago but its first successful introduction was in 1881 in the Willamette Valley of Oregon. Imported from its native range in Asia and China, today's pheasant is actually a hybrid, resulting from crossbreeding between the English, Mongolian, Chinese, and Japanese varieties. Diet includes seeds and insects. Studies have shown that only mature cocks hold territories in prime habitat, usually along the edge of a wood; younger males are forced to live away from the woodland edge. Ring-necked Pheasants stride across open fields and weedy roadsides in the U.S. and southern Canada. The roosters, however, are spectacularly adorned with iridescent feathers. 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